PDF Improving Human Learning in the Classroom: Theories and Teaching Practices

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Professional development should be implemented in teachers' schedules

  2. Importance of teacher learning for students’ achievement
  3. Most influential theories of learning | International Bureau of Education
  4. Account Options

Since every teaching model is different, each model will have its own social system and rules of engagement.


This portion concerns the interactive roles and relationships between the teacher and the student, expected norms, and which student behaviors should be rewarded. These may be overtly described or simply inferred.

Becoming a Reflective Teacher

Depending on the philosophical orientation of the model, in some models the role of the teachers is dominant, while in others his or her role is passive. In some models the roles center on the teacher, and in others the concentration is on the students. There are still other models that require shared roles whereby teachers and students share roles equally. In this segment both motivational strategies and tactics for engaging students could be discussed too. Support system defines the supporting conditions required to implement the model successfully.

This component relates to any additional requirements beyond those generally possessed by teachers or found in schools.


Importance of teacher learning for students’ achievement

What requirements are needed to make this model work? Are special skills or knowledge needed; or is there special equipment, media, or learning environment requirements that need to be accessed in using this model? This support would also include special books, films, laboratory kits, reference materials, permissions, facilities, etc.

Application and effects are rather apparent — how can the students use what the model teaches? Application is the utility of the model as it can be transferred to other situations. Each model attempts to implement some change in learners and influence their thinking, feelings, social interactions, or physical movements in some way so that those changes can be transferred to other situations and experiences. In the models these authors selected for their book they examine the individual components for each chosen model thus making it easy for readers to see how each category works.

Most influential theories of learning | International Bureau of Education

This should not diminish their effectiveness or value, but rather it is a condition of time and personal analysis. Different classifying authors see different elements. As I indicated earlier, many models are hybrids combining elements from varied theories of learning and this makes them more difficult to pigeon hole correctly. The listing below is not fully conclusive but places to start your searches. Readers are encouraged to seek out additional models on their own using the titles of the models as search descriptors.

Please, if you find exceptional examples, write to me so I too can add this information and we can spread the word! Personal or Personalist Models:. Social Learning Models:. Information Processing Models: this is the fastest growing family of models. Behavioral Models:. I have two very strong regrets about this course. The first is that I wish it had been part of my undergraduate teacher preparation training. My other regret is that this course is not more universal in teacher training programs, or mandatory in advanced educational graduate sequences.

Based on these thoughts, as a professor in teacher education I tried to bring some of the simpler models into my undergraduate classes in educational psychology. Content in educational psychology traditionally covers the distinctive families of learning and the theories that drive them.

Adding models of teaching that exemplified these theories seemed like a natural addition to the course so that students could see how theory bridged into practice. Although many of my students artfully incorporated this training into their lesson planning, I am still not wholly certain they grasped fully the importance of knowing about teaching models. Later in my university career I also developed an online graduate class focused on the models topic. At least at the graduate level I was glad to observe that most of my students did get the importance of knowing about teaching and learning models.

That noted, learning about models may be one of those topics that increases in importance and ease of acceptance and applicability as folks age in their professional wisdom and experience. This posting is an alert that many models are out there and an encouragement that as an educator you should try to find out more about them beyond this simple introduction. There are several excellent books on models of teaching.

For an overall introduction into the world of models I am partial to the one by Joyce, Weil, and Calhoun. For years, Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil have been perceived by educational leaders as paramount experts in the area of teaching and learning models.

Recently they have joined with Emily Calhoun. They all agreed this is one of those books that was a must have in their collections of professional references. In my mind that is quite an endorsement. There are also books on teaching models for special populations.

Hyman, R. Ways of teaching. Lippincott Company. Joyce, B. Models of teaching, 8th ed. Kauchak, D. Learning and teaching: Research-based methods. Miller, J. The holistic curriculum. The Flipped Classroom. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods investigate learning theories and reforms in education. Quantitative data sources build the theoretical framework for educating the student, as well as developing strategies for closing the achievement gap. Taylor and MacKenney fuse personal experiences with solid strategies for human learning. George R. However, in order to achieve their maximum potential, ongoing professional development should be implemented in their schedules.

Teachers provided with proper training on up-to-date information and new research on classroom management, on emerging technology tools for the classroom, new curriculum resources, and more, could become a successful factor to their schools. The best professional development is ongoing, collaborative, and connected to and derived from working with students and understanding their culture Darling-Hammond et al.

My PhD thesis indicates a positive link between teacher learning in classroom interaction and student outcomes as perceived by the teachers themselves. Effective teacher learning and professional development is important for student achievement.

The IBE Council

Borko, H. Professional development and teacher learning: Mapping the terrain. Educational Researcher , 33 8 , 3— Darling-Hammond, L. Effective Teacher Professional Development. Emmer, E. Handbook of classroom management 2nd. New York: Routledge.

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Freiberg, H. Effects of classroom management intervention on a student achievement in inner-city elementary schools. Kunter, M. Effective classroom management and the development of subject related interest. Learning and Instructio n, 17 5 , —