Belastung und Beanspruchung im Lehrerberuf pp Cite as. Dagegen lassen sich kaum schulformspezifische oder regionale Unterschiede aufdecken. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide. Beanspruchungsmuster im Lehrerberuf Ergebnisse und Schlussfolgerungen aus der Potsdamer Lehrerstudie 1. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Burisch, M. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. Google Scholar. Fischer, A. In: Ulich, E. Arbeitspsychologie in Krankenhaus und Arztpraxis. The burnout construct was specified by Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalisation. At the same time, a reversal of the expected direction of relationships is explored. A structural equation model was specified with multiple indicators on each side.
At Time 2, the same constructs, measured one year later, served as indicators. Each of the two subscales was specified as an indicator at Time 1 and at Time 2. Autocorrelated residuals were set free to covary. The standardised solution is depicted in Figure 1. The factor loadings lambdas were very high, indicating a good measurement model. Job stress was jointly indicated by corresponding variables at Time 1 and Time 2, thus avoiding an exclusive temporal attachment to one of the two time points.
First analyses did not achieve a satisfactory fit between model and data. Considering age groups, however, yielded a better fit. Figure 2 provides the standardised solution for each age group. Of the burnout variance, 84 per cent was explained by all predictors. Moderated Mediation. The moderated mediation effect that was based on latent variables was confirmed by using manifest variables with the SPSS macro for moderated mediation by Preacher et al. Although these are nonexperimental data, this finding seems to be trustworthy because it is in line with theory and previous research.
Based on this resource effect on burnout, we have tested the putative mediating role of job stress and have confirmed the relationship that had emerged in Study I. Moreover, this effect was moderated by age. Mediation was documented for teachers below the age of 40, and less so for those who were older. Most of the research on teacher burnout has been done in North America.
Evidence emerged that the psychometric properties are satisfactory, and validation information is accumulating. However, there were also differences between Syrian and German teachers that could not be explained with certainty. Another innovative approach included the moderated mediation analysis.
Mediation, thus, takes place only at particular levels of this variable. Longitudinally, it was found that age moderated this relationship.
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This emerged at the level of latent variables within a structural equation approach as well as in a different analysis using a formal test of moderated mediation in manifest variables Preacher et al. Some limitations need to be addressed. Also, experience at the workplace and data on coping with professional demands would be valuable. Future work should also address the positive pole of burnout, which has been called teacher engagement Klusmann et al. One particular weakness of the present constructs seems to be the job stress variable.
Its very close association with emotional exhaustion raises doubt about the construct validity of the job stress measure chosen here. A similar problem exists for the third burnout component, Reduced Personal Accomplishment. Therefore, we have omitted this component from some of the analyses. In sum, the present findings help elucidate the possible mechanisms that protect teachers from experiencing burnout and that translate a lack of personal resourcefulness into the experience of job strain, which, in turn, makes teachers vulnerable for burnout.
Even if I am disrupted while teaching, I am confident that I can maintain my composure and continue to teach well. If I try hard enough, I know that I can exert a positive influence on both the personal and academic development of my students. I am convinced that I can develop creative ways to cope with system constraints such as budget cuts and other administrative problems and continue to teach well.
Volume 57 , Issue s1. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Applied Psychology Volume 57, Issue s1. Free Access.
Email: ralf. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access. Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Method Samples. Results Mean differences between the two nations, gender, and age groups are examined in the following section.
Discussion The mean differences between Syrian and German teachers may be due to a number of reasons. Method Sample.
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Figure 1 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. Figure 2 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. Irritations-Skala zur Erfassung arbeitsbezogener Beanspruchungsfolgen. Napoli, M. Journal of Applied School Psychology , 21 1 , 99— Parsons, C. Behaviour Research and Therapy , 95 , 29— Pas, E. Teacher- and school-level predictors of teacher efficacy and burnout: Identifying potential areas for support. Journal of School Psychology , 50 1 , — Paulus, P.
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