A smaller vessel, the Speedwell, had initially accompanied the Mayflower and carried some of the travelers, but it proved unseaworthy and was forced to return to port by September. Some of the most notable passengers on the Mayflower included Myles Standish, a professional soldier who would become the military leader of the new colony; and William Bradford , a leader of the Separatist congregation who wrote the still-classic account of the Mayflower voyage and the founding of Plymouth Colony.
Rough seas and storms prevented the Mayflower from reaching their initial destination, and after a voyage of 65 days the ship reached the shores of Cape Cod, anchoring on the site of Provincetown Harbor in mid-November. After sending an exploring party ashore, the Mayflower landed at what they would call Plymouth Harbor, on the western side of Cape Cod Bay, in mid-December.
During the next several months, the settlers lived mostly on the Mayflower and ferried back and forth from shore to build their new storage and living quarters.cars.cleantechnica.com/breves-relatos-short-stories.php
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More than half of the English settlers died during that first winter, as a result of poor nutrition and housing that proved inadequate in the harsh weather. Leaders such as Bradford, Standish, John Carver, William Brewster and Edward Winslow played important roles in keeping the remaining settlers together.
The native inhabitants of the region around Plymouth Colony were the various tribes of the Wampanoag people, who had lived there for some 10, years before the Europeans arrived. Soon after the Pilgrims built their settlement, they came into contact with Tisquantum, or Squanto, an English-speaking Native American. Meant for slavery, he somehow managed to escape to England, and returned to his native land to find most of his tribe had died of plague. In addition to interpreting and mediating between the colonial leaders and Native American chiefs including Massasoit, chief of the Pokanoket , Squanto taught the Pilgrims how to plant corn, which became an important crop, as well as where to fish and hunt beaver.
In the fall of , the Pilgrims famously shared a harvest feast with the Pokanokets; the meal is now considered the basis for the Thanksgiving holiday. Over the next decades, relations between settlers and Native Americans deteriorated as the former group occupied more and more land. By the time William Bradford died in , he had already expressed anxiety that New England would soon be torn apart by violence. Philip was the English name of Metacomet, the son of Massasoit and leader of the Pokanokets since the early s. That conflict left some 5, inhabitants of New England dead, three quarters of those Native Americans.
Three more ships traveled to Plymouth after the Mayflower, including the Fortune , the Anne and the Little James both Winthrop soon established Boston as the capital of Massachusetts Bay Colony, which would become the most populous and prosperous colony in the region.
Translations of “pilgrim”
Compared with later groups who founded colonies in New England, such as the Puritans, the Pilgrims of Plymouth failed to achieve lasting economic success. After the early s, some prominent members of the original group, including Brewster, Winslow and Standish, left the colony to found their own communities. Less than a decade after the war King James II appointed a colonial governor to rule over New England, and in , Plymouth was absorbed into the larger entity of Massachusetts.
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Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. In September , during the reign of King James I, around English men and women—many of them members of the English Separatist Church—set sail for the New World aboard the Mayflower, a three-masted merchant ship. The ship landed on the shores of Cape Cod, in present-day In September , a merchant ship called the Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, a port on the southern coast of England.
William Bradford was a founder and longtime governor of the Plymouth Colony settlement. Born in England, he migrated with the Separatist congregation to the Netherlands as a teenager.
Anne Hutchinson was an influential Puritan spiritual leader in colonial Massachusetts who challenged the male-dominated religious authorities of the time. Through the popularity of her preaching, Hutchinson defied the gender roles in positions of power and gathered women into Come, explore, and learn the history behind the story today.
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