Manual O Planalto e a Estepe (Portuguese Edition)

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  4. Editions of O Planalto e a Estepe by Pepetela

Possui fotos e mapas coloridos. Do encontro entre um estudante angolano e uma jovem mongol, nos anos , em Moscou, nasce um amor proibido. Ricardo Kotscho, Jorge Arrimar, Carlos Alberto Mattos, Planaltos sedimentares. Depressao paraguaia. Peneplanicie cuiabana. Pequenos macicos paleozoicos. Serra das Araras. A regiao de Corumba e o Macico do Urucum. Serra de Bodoquena. O Pantanal.

Origem e evolucao do relevo e da rede de drenagem. The author was a part of the government for seven years, submitting his resignation in to dedicate more time to his writing. Pepetela was part of the governing board of the Angolan Writers' Union throughout this period as well. Pepetela's plays written during his government tenure also reflect the themes in As Aventuras de Ngunga.

The first of the plays, A Corda , was the first full-length dramatic work to be published in post-independence Angola. It is a play that, in the words of Ana Mafalda Leite, is "didactic and more than a little ideological, making it of limited literary interest". One side includes the Americans and their Angolan clients, while the other side consists of five guerilla fighters of various ethnicities representing the MPLA.

As mentioned above, Pepetela published several novels during his time as a government minister.

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Of these Mayombe is among the best known. The novel functions on two levels, one in which the characters' thoughts about the nature of the struggle for independence are explored, and another that narrates the "action and incidents" experienced by the nationalist fighters. Ana Mafalda Leite considers the novel to be both critical and heroic, both attempting to highlight the ethnic diversity supposedly celebrated by the MPLA and also illustrating the tribal divisions present in Angolan society, which would lead to the eventual civil war that tore the nation apart in the years from independence until Leite writes that "the theme of war assumes an heroic and epic dimension since it is a conflict which defines the foundation of the 'fatherland'".

After leaving the government at the end of , Pepetela began to focus exclusively on his writing, beginning work on his most ambitious novel to date, Yaka. Yaka , first published in , is a sweeping historical novel that examines the lives of a family of Portuguese settlers who came to Benguela in the 19th century. A clear desire to research his own origins can be seen in Pepetela's choice to write Yaka. Pepetela himself, as mentioned earlier in this entry, is a descendant of Portuguese settlers in Benguela.

Where the first novel focuses on masks, Yaka uses a traditional wooden statue utilized by the yakas, social organizations dedicated to the prosecution of war, to structure the narrative. Ana Mafalda Leite writes, " Yaka symbolises at once the consciousness of traditional values and 'the anticipated spirit of nationality' of the new country".

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The novel is notable for using the story of a German shepherd's wanderings through Luanda to structure it, and for containing a variety of narrative voices. The novel juxtaposes the princess Lueji, an important figure in 17th-century Angolan history, with a young ballerina who is dancing the role of Lueji in a contemporary piece. In the words of Ana Mafalda Leite, "The author writes chronologically of the two women, whose lives eventually begin to merge in the novel. In the s, Pepetela's writing continued to exhibit interest in Angola's history, but also began to examine the political situation in the country with a greater sense of irony and criticism.

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The Angolan Civil War and intense corruption in the government both led to a questioning of the revolutionary values espoused in the earlier novel. Ana Mafalda Leite describes the novel as "a critical and sceptical book, not to say a book of disillusionment, certainly one far removed from Mayombe's heroic virtues. The novel, spanning three decades, is divided into four parts, each of which covers an important aspect of Angola's 20th century, including Portuguese colonial oppression , the war for independence , the civil war, and the brief respite from the war that occurred in the early s.

Pepetela's interest in history remained evident in this book, but his criticism of the Angolan establishment was something new that would reappear again and again. The novel takes more of a magical realist approach than any of Pepetela's former works, positing a situation where several of Luanda's largest buildings collapse into Kinaxixi square with all the inhabitants left unharmed.


  1. Meaning of "planalto" in the Portuguese dictionary.
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The heroine, a character named Carmina Cara de Cu, leaves her career as a government bureaucrat and becomes an arms dealer. Pepetela spent years researching the story of the Dutch in Angola in order to write the novel. This novel does not display the same cynical and disillusioned tone as his other novels of the decade did, instead being a broad historical narrative that does incorporate a somewhat magical realist tone. While this novel stands quite apart from much of the author's other work, the fascination with Angolan history prominent throughout his career probably comes to its truest fruition in this work.

As the situation in Angola in the s grew more and more dangerous, Pepetela began spending more time in Lisbon and Brazil. By this point in his life his writing had brought him renown throughout the Portuguese-speaking world. Pepetela is the first Angolan and the second African author to win this prestigious award. Pepetela has continued to be a prolific writer throughout the s. His work has taken a satirical turn with the series of "Jaime Bunda" novels, detective novels that cast a satirical view on life in Luanda in the new decade.

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Stephen Henighan writes that the character of Jaime Bunda, a bumbling detective with roots in two of Angola's most prominent families, represents the changes that the Luanda Creole population has undergone in the view of Pepetela. Rather than representing a revolutionary vanguard that will create a new Angolan identity, the Creoles of Luanda are depicted in the novels as a kleptocratic oligarchy.

The character is obsessed with both James Bond films and American private-eye novels, something that Henighan claims is "ideologically charged" and illustrates elements of Angola's underdevelopment. Botha , who had mandated the South African intervention in Angola in the s and s.

This novel also presents Pepetela's critique of U.

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Pepetela also published other types of novels during the decade. In , after the success of the Jaime Bunda novels, he published Predadores , his sharpest critique of the Angolan ruling class yet. The novel takes place in post-independence Angola and follows the story of Vladimiro Caposso, a lowly bureaucrat who becomes a businessman. Igor Cusack describes the protagonist as a "murderous, philandering businessman gangster The final years of the s have seen a continuation of Pepetela's prolific career, with novels appearing in , and The book deals with current attitudes about terrorism and also with aspects of technology present in modern society.

These characters, who have survived a global disaster, congregate on a small piece of land in Africa that Pepetela stresses is very close to where humanity is thought to have originated and are challenged with attempting to create some kind of new world. This book continues the trend begun with O Terrorista de Berkeley The last novel of the s, O Planalto e a Estepe , while it does deal with Angola, continues to reflect the internationalization of Pepetela's themes in the past decade.

The book deals with a love affair between a white Angolan and a Mongolian whom he met while studying in Moscow.

Editions of O Planalto e a Estepe by Pepetela

In addition to dedicating himself to his writing, Pepetela also has taught for the past several decades. Since the s he has been a professor of sociology in the Faculty of Architecture at the University of Angola, now known as the University of Agostinho Neto. Angola , officially the Republic of Angola , is a west-coast country of south-central Africa.

It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda. The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola , for some years called the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola — Labour Party , is a political party that has ruled Angola since the country's independence from Portugal in Until his death, he led the MPLA in the civil war — Known also for his literary activities, he is considered Angola's preeminent poet.