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Obese participants controlled their diet with the help of medical specialists Students with normal weights dieted on their own Fifteen students used vomiting as a strategy to manage food intake, with higher proportions found in the overweight and obesity groups.. Of all participants, The use of compensatory behaviours for excessive intake was reported by Strategies other than dieting were used by Twenty-three students 1.
The highest proportion of students that used vomiting was found in the normal weight group, 1. Also, 3. Physical activity as a compensatory behaviour was reported by 9. Measure of association and percentages for the association of BMI and variables pertaining to satisfaction with body weight and strategies used for weight control.. Compared to the normal weight group, overweight and obese students were more likely to have dieted in the past year and to be currently dieting ORs ranging from 3.
Odds ratio adjusted for sex, age and socioeconomic level. The supervision of the diet of overweight and obese students by another individual was significantly higher compared to students that had not been on a diet. But the calculated ORs showed that the probabilities that their diet was being supervised by a healthcare professional, a herbalist or a family member ORs from 8.
We observed a similar trend in overweight students, although their probabilities were not as high ORs from 2.http://app-books.jp/wp-content/rivik-kaufen-chloroquine-250mg.php
(PDF) Nutrición Hospitalaria | Beniamino Palmieri - jabidajyzu.tk
In addition to dieting, overweight and obese students were likely to engage in alternative behaviours to lose weight OR, 3. We did not find a significant risk of engaging in behaviours involving self-induced vomiting.. We found a significant risk in both the overweight and the obesity group of feeling regret for eating a lot or in excess OR 3. Overweight students engaged in the greatest number of compensatory behaviours: physical activity 3.
Obese students also engaged in compensatory behaviours 6. Overweight students were more likely to engage in a greater number of behaviours and strategies to compensate for days of excessive eating, some of which were dangerous, like vomiting.. A large percentage of the sample had normal weights Although the associations we found were weak, our findings were consistent with the trends observed in other studies of national 31,32 and international 33 scope, which found similar percentages of individuals that perceived their body weight correctly.
In our sample, High percentages of students in the overweight and obesity groups were dissatisfied because they perceived they had excess weight. All of these, which amounted to This trend has also been observed in other studies. Other studies that compared self-image assessed by means of figure drawings and BMI have obtained similar results. The percentage of body dissatisfaction in our study was much lower Only 9.
When we compared our results with those of a study conducted in a similar population, 37 we noticed that there was a higher percentage of students that dieted in Badajoz. Our results showed an association of dieting with overweight and obesity, 38 with a lower percentage of dieting students in the normal weight group..
Among the participants in the study were 13 schoolchildren with underweight below the 3rd percentile of which only 1 was dieting at the time the data were collected, 11 perceived their weight as too low, 2 were satisfied with their weight, and none perceived having excess weight. The proportion of students that dieted in the overweight and obese groups was greater than expected, suggesting an awareness of excess weight..
The percentage of adolescents that consulted the family physician to go on a diet was very low; however, there was a higher proportion of students with obesity that sought weight control services under medical supervision. The low percentage of normal weight dieters supervised by a professional compared to the high percentage that diet without supervision is worrisome, as these adolescents do not need to be on a weight loss diet.. The one positive aspect is that the most frequent behaviour to compensate overeating was engaging in physical activity 9.
We also observed that this habit was associated with overweight and obesity.. Vomiting was used by 23 schoolchildren 1. These attitudes may be symptomatic of EDs. We found that the risk of exhibiting these behaviours was three times greater in overweight students than in students with normal weights. This behaviour was not observed in the obesity group, with the adjusted standardised residues revealing that the proportion in this group was lower than expected, which diverges from the findings of other studies.
This increase is expected and is usually found in psychiatric questionnaires when questions are worded in different ways. Fasting was used by 3. The ORs suggested that the risk of this behaviour occurring in overweight students is twice as high as that of normal weight students.
The compensatory behaviour of fasting at a subsequent meal is worrisome, as it can be harmful in varying degrees depending on which meal is skipped and how many hours the fast lasts.. According to the collected data, students with overweight have the highest percentage of bulimic traits, a finding that is supported by others studies in populations of very similar characteristics.
Among the limitations of the study are the width of the CIs used in the logistic regression analysis, which could be affected by the established CI or even the sample size or the subsets of the sample established for the adjustments more than by the chosen model. However, this study can assess the degree of change based on the characteristics of the analysed variables.. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.. An Pediatr Barc. ISSN: Satisfaction with weight and characteristics of eating disorders in high school.
Descargar PDF. Autor para correspondencia. Table 1. Table 2. Table 3. Introduction The prevalence of diseases related to eating behaviour disorders has increased among adolescents. The objective of this study is to analyse the satisfaction with body weight of schoolchildren as regards their body mass index and the strategies used to control their diet.
Method A total of students from secondary education 12—18 years answered a questionnaire on eating habits and body weight control. Their weight and height were measured and body mass index was calculated. Results More than two-thirds Conclusions Overweight and obese schoolchildren are more likely to be dissatisfied with their body and are more likely to use ploys such as vomiting, in order to compensate for the excess intake.
Palabras clave:. Texto completo. Introduction At present, eating disorders EDs are the most frequent type of psychiatric disorder with physical repercussions and the third most common chronic disease in young women 15—19 years of age 1 due to their increased prevalence and severe consequences for affected patients, 2 and they have reached almost epidemic proportions in the young population of western countries.
Participants and methods Participants We conducted a quantitative epidemiological study with a non-experimental cross-sectional ex post facto design. General characteristics of the sample. Measure of association and percentages for the association of BMI and variables pertaining to satisfaction with body weight and strategies used for weight control. De Cos, C. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. Rigol, A. Nursing Lond , 21 , pp. Olesti, J. De la Fuente, A.
Riera, J. Bofarull, et al. Prevalencia de anorexia nerviosa, bulimia nerviosa y otros TCA en adolescentes femeninas de Reus. An Pediatr, 68 , pp. De Irala. Eating disorders in Spain: are we ready to take public health action?. Gac Sanit, 17 , pp. Factores socioculturales en los TCA. Trastor conducta aliment, 2 , pp. Trastor conducta aliment, 6 , pp. Portela, H. Da Costa, M.
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