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Many lexicographers have appeared over the years, but since her debut in , Susie Dent has become synonymous with the role, and has made over three thousand appearances  , becoming the permanent lexicographer in The celebrity guest, sometimes known as the "Dictionary Dweller", also contributes words, and provides a short interlude halfway through the second section of the show. Dent returned to the series on 6 February In the same month, Carol Vorderman announced that she would also leave the show at the same time.
On 16 November , it was announced that Nick Hewer would be taking over as host, with his first show broadcast on 9 January Countdown quickly established cult status within British television  — an image which it maintains today,  despite numerous changes of rules and personnel. The program's audience comprises mainly students, homemakers and pensioners,  owing to the "teatime" broadcast slot and inclusive appeal of its format and presentation. The drop in viewers following the scheduling change, coupled with the show's perceived educational benefits, even caused Labour MP Jonathan Shaw to table a motion in the UK Parliament , requesting that the show be returned to its later time.
As of , it is broadcast at On each episode, the prize for defeating the reigning champion is a teapot that is styled to resemble the second time clock used in each round. Introduced in December , the pot is custom-made and can only be obtained by winning a game on the program. David Acton, winner of Series 31, opted for a CD-ROM version of the dictionaries, not wanting to accept leather-bound books owing to his strict veganism , and he donated the monetary difference to charity. Since , the series champion also receives the Richard Whiteley Memorial Trophy, in memory of the show's original presenter.
Though the style and colour scheme of the set have changed many times and the show itself moved to Manchester, after more than 25 years in Leeds the clock has always provided the centrepiece and, like the clock music composed by Alan Hawkshaw , is an enduring and well-recognised feature of Countdown. Executive producer John Meade once commissioned Hawkshaw to revise the music for extra intensity; after hundreds of complaints from viewers, the old tune was reinstated. The first episode of Countdown was repeated on 1 October on More4 and on 2 November on Channel 4, as part of Channel 4 at 25 , a season of celebratory Channel 4 programs as it celebrated its 25th birthday.
On 2 November , Countdown celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary and aired a special 'birthday episode'.banglore.netspaceindia.com/177.php
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The two players were winner Conor Travers and winner Chris Wills. However, for the rounds, VIP guests selected the letters and numbers. On 5 September , the program received a Guinness World Record at the end of its 6,th show for the longest-running television program of its kind during the course of its 71st series. On 23 July , it was announced that O'Connor would be leaving the show at the end of the 59th series in December to concentrate on other projects.
Countdown (game show) - Wikipedia
Her agent, John Miles, claims Vorderman had been told the show had survived the death of host Richard Whiteley in and could "easily survive without you. Later reports suggested Alexander Armstrong  and Jeff Stelling  as potential hosts, although Armstrong later revealed he had refused the job.
Eventually, on 21 November , after O'Connor and Vorderman had finished filming, it was confirmed that Stelling and Oxford maths graduate Rachel Riley would join the show,  with Susie Dent continuing as resident lexicographer. Countdown has occupied a tea-time broadcast slot since its inception. Currently an episode lasts around 45 minutes including advertising breaks. During the normal series, the winner of each game returns for the next day's show.
A player who wins eight games is declared an "octochamp" and retires until the series finals. At the end of the series, the eight players with most wins or the highest total score in the event of a tie are invited back to compete in the series finals. They are seeded in a knockout tournament, with the first seed playing the eighth seed, the second playing the seventh, and so on. The winner of this knockout, which culminates in the Grand Final, becomes the series champion.
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Each series lasts around six months, with about episodes. Approximately every four series, a Champion of Champions tournament takes place. For this, sixteen of the best players to have appeared since the previous Championship are invited back for another knockout tournament. The producer , former contestant Damian Eadie, decides which players to include, but typically the tournament includes the series winners and other noteworthy contestants.
For example, David Acton and Kenneth Michie returned for a rematch of their Series 31 final, while brothers and former contestants Sanjay and Sandeep Mazumder played off against each other on 20 December The game is split into three sections, separated by advertising breaks.
The first section contains two letters rounds and a numbers round, the second has four letters rounds and two numbers rounds, while the last section has four letters rounds, a numbers round and a final "Conundrum" puzzle. With the exception of the Conundrum, the contestants swap control after every round so that each of them has control for five letters rounds and two numbers rounds. At the end of the first two sections, Hewer poses a Teatime Teaser for the viewers, giving a set of short words and a cryptic clue to a single word that can be anagrammed from them.
The solution is revealed at the start of the next section. When the Teatime Teaser was first introduced, the anagrams were seven letters long; they were later extended to eight, and then to nine in late The contestant in control chooses between two stacks of letter tiles, one containing vowels and the other consonants , and the assistant reveals the top tile from that stack and places it on the board. This is done nine times, and the final grouping must contain at least three vowels and four consonants.
For example, there are many N s and R s in the consonant stack, but only one Q. The letter frequencies are altered by the producers from time to time, so any published list does not necessarily reflect the letters used in any particular program. Both contestants write down the words they form, in case they select the same one.
After time runs out, the host asks the contestants to declare their word lengths, starting with the contestant who chose the letters. The host then asks the discovered words, starting with the shorter declared length. If one contestant has not written their word down in time, they must state this fact; if both then declare the same length, that contestant must give their word first to prevent cheating. The contestant with the longer valid word scores one point per letter, or 18 points if they have used all nine. If the words are identical or of the same length, both contestants score.
In the former case, the contestants must show their written words to each other as proof that they are the same. Any word which appears in the Oxford Dictionary of English is valid,  as well as accepted forms of them that may not be explicitly listed. Examples include:. The contestant in control chooses six of 24 shuffled face-down number tiles, arranged into two groups: 20 "small numbers" two each of 1 through 10 , and four "large numbers" of 25, 50, 75 and Some special episodes replace the large numbers with 12, 37, 62 and The contestant decides how many large numbers are to be used, from none to all four, after which the six tiles are randomly drawn and placed on the board.
They may use only the four basic operations of addition , subtraction , multiplication and division ,  and do not have to use all six numbers.
A number may not be used more times than it appears on the board. Fractions are not allowed, and only positive integers may be obtained as a result at any stage of the calculation. Only the contestant whose result is closer to the target number scores points: 10 for reaching it exactly, 7 for being 1—5 away, 5 for being 6—10 away. Contestants score no points for being more than 10 away, if their calculations are flawed, or if they take too long to give a solution after saying they have not written it down.
Both score if they reach the same result, or if their results are the same distance away. Should neither contestant reach the target exactly, the assistant is called upon to attempt a solution, either immediately at a later time during the episode. Not all games are solvable, and for a few selections it is impossible even to get within 10, most commonly when a contestant picks six small numbers and the target number is quite large.
One large and five small numbers is the most popular selection,  despite two large numbers giving the best chance of the game being solvable exactly. The 24 tiles are laid out in four rows, the topmost of which contains only the four large numbers. The contestant may specify how many tiles to draw from each row, or simply state how many large and small numbers will be used; in the latter case, the assistant draws the tiles randomly.
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The numbers are usually placed on the board from right to left, starting with the small ones, but have occasionally been displayed in scrambled order. On rare occasions, the contestant has declined to make any choices, in which case the assistant selects the tiles. Unlike the letters round, the pool of tiles is fully replenished after each numbers round. A special edition, broadcast on 15 March , for two previous series champions, Kirk Bevins and Chris Davies, used instead of the usual four large numbers, the numbers 12, 37 and two numbers unrevealed for the duration of the show.
In a further special broadcast on 16 August between the Series 59 finalists Charlie Reams and Junaid Mubeen, the other two numbers were revealed to be 62 and The final round of the game is the Countdown Conundrum , in which the contestants are shown a combination of two or three words with a total of nine letters. They have 30 seconds to form a single word using all the letters, and must buzz in to respond a bell for the champion, a buzzer for the challenger. Each contestant is allowed only one guess, and the first to answer correctly scores 10 points.
If a contestant buzzes-in and either responds incorrectly or fails to give any response, the remaining time is given to the opponent. If neither contestant can solve it, the presenter asks whether anyone in the audience knows the answer and, if so, chooses someone to call it out.
This practice was stopped temporarily in due to difficulties with camera angles after the studio layout was changed. The Conundrum is designed to have only one solution, but on occasion more than one valid word is found by happenstance e. If this happens, any of these results is accepted. If the contestants' scores are within 10 points of each other going into this round, it is referred to as a Crucial Countdown Conundrum.
Since 10 points are at stake, the contestant who solves it will either win the game or force a tiebreaker. If the scores are tied after the Conundrum, additional Conundrums are played until the tie is broken. There have also been cases when even more Conundrums have been required to provide a winner, but not all have been included in the transmitted program. The rules of Countdown are derived from those of Des chiffres et des lettres. Perhaps the biggest difference is the length of the round; DCedL 's number rounds are each 45 seconds long to Countdown 's DCedL also feature "duels", in which players compete in short tasks such as mental arithmetic problems, extracting two themed words from another, or being asked to spell a word correctly.
Other minor differences include a different numbers scoring system 9 points for an exact solution, or 6 points for the closest inexact solution in DCedL and the proportion of letters to numbers rounds 10 to 4 in Countdown , 8 to 4 in DCedL. The pilot episode followed significantly different rules from the current ones. Most noticeably, only eight letters were selected for each letters round. If two contestants offered a word of the same length, or an equally close solution to a numbers game, then only the contestant who made the selection for that round was awarded points.
Also, only five points were given for an exact numbers solution, three for a solution within 5, and one point for the closer solution, no matter how far away. The set design has changed over the years with the centrepiece of it always being the Countdown clock. The original set was used from its launch in until Series 17 in early This book is recommended as additional support material to any language course.
Meets the needs of beginners and advanced learners. Convenient for daily use, reviewing sessions and self-testing activities. Allows you to assess your current vocabulary. This book can also be used by foreigners to learn English. Special features of the vocabulary: Words are arranged according to their meaning, not alphabetically; content is presented in three columns to facilitate the reviewing and self-testing processes; each theme is composed of small blocks of similar lexical units; the vocabulary offers a convenient and simple transcription for each foreign word. This action might not be possible to undo.
Are you sure you want to continue? Upload Sign In Join. Save For Later. The less common words are important, but they are mostly for reference. You need to spend more time learning the core vocabulary words, and less time worrying about advanced, rare words. There is no list of all words, but there are resources on the internet that can help you identify core vocabulary words.
Oxford Dictionaries has a list of what it has identified as the most common words used in English. Oxford calls these words keywords. When you see or hear a new word, you can check this list and see if the word is on this list. Oxford Dictionaries also has an excellent resource called the Text Checker. Merriam-Webster calls these words core vocabulary. The Macmillan Online Dictionary has the best resource for identifying core vocabulary words. Macmillan has identified the most common words in English and calls this group of words core vocabulary.
When you look up a word in the Macmillan online dictionary, the word will either be red or black. If the word is black, it is not a core vocabulary word. It is just a reference word. If the word is red, however, it is a core vocabulary word.
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Further, Macmillan has a star system to identify how common the word is. This means that opinion is one of the most frequently used words in English. You need to know these words, you need to understand these words, and you need to be able to use them in conversation. Two-star words are part of the core vocabulary, but they are not as frequently used as the 3-star words.
The Macmillan dictionary has very comprehensive entries for red words. You can see in the above listing for opinion , there is a long list of collocations, phrases, and sentence structures that go with the word. At the bottom of the entry, you can change to the British or American definition.
Also, it says biology , so I know that this is a word used in science, not in everyday conversation. I check the words in all three dictionaries.
This entire post was written using core vocabulary. The only words in this entire article that are not core vocabulary are:. Did you notice that there were a few words in this article in purple? Those words may seem like difficult or advanced words, but they are part of core vocabulary and you need to know those words, too! Seeing or hearing a new word does not mean there is a problem with your English. It does not mean that your English is worse than you thought it was. They think that seeing or hearing a new word means they have failed and they have not yet mastered English.
You will be learning new English words for the rest of your life. Read that sentence again. You will never know every word in the English language. Be excited when you see a new word! You are one word closer to being fluent and sounding like a native speaker! I created this podcast for you.
The purpose of this podcast is to help you learn, understand, and remember core vocabulary. The English Teacher Melanie podcast is a series of listening lessons. Each listening lesson includes a story. I write each story using core vocabulary. Each story is about something that happened in my daily life in Canada.
It is easier to remember new words when you can connect the word to a real event. Remember, not only do you need to know a word, you need to be able to use a word in a sentence and in conversation. One to five words a day is a good pace to improve your vocabulary. There is no time limit for learning English!
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Some words may have multiple definitions.