- What is nonviolent action?
- Nonviolent Direct Action and Just Peace - United Church of Christ
- Violent Extremism and Nonviolent Resistance
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- History of violence
Gandhi , who opposed British imperial rule in India during the 20th century.
What is nonviolent action?
Gandhi took the religious principle of ahimsa doing no harm common to Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism and turned it into a non-violent tool for mass action. He used it to fight not only colonial rule but social evils such as racial discrimination and untouchability as well. Gandhi called it "satyagraha" which means 'truth force. Gandhi was firm that satyagraha was not a weapon of the weak - "Satyagraha is a weapon of the strong; it admits of no violence under any circumstance whatever; and it always insists upon truth.
Gandhi did not think that non-violence was a tool for those who were too scared to take up arms an accusation that was sometimes made :. My non-violence does not admit of running away from danger and leaving dear ones unprotected. Between violence and cowardly flight, I can only prefer violence to cowardice.
I can no more preach non-violence to a coward than I can tempt a blind man to enjoy healthy scenes. Non-violence in Gandhi's thinking was a tool that anyone could and should use, and it was based on strongly religious thinking:. Non-violence is a power which can be wielded equally by all - children, young men and women or grown-up people, provided they have a living faith in the God of Love and have therefore equal love for all mankind. When non-violence is accepted as the law of life, it must pervade the whole being and not be applied to isolated acts.
Non-violence is an active force of the highest order.
Nonviolent Direct Action and Just Peace - United Church of Christ
It is soul force or the power of Godhead within us. Martin Luther King, Jr. Drawing inspiration from both his Christian faith and the peaceful teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. He went on to lead similar campaigns against poverty and international conflict, always maintaining fidelity to his principles that men and women everywhere, regardless of color or creed, are equal members of the human family. His accomplishments are now taught to American children of all races, and his teachings are studied by scholars and students worldwide.
Violent Extremism and Nonviolent Resistance
He is memorialized in hundreds of statues, parks, streets, squares, churches and other public facilities around the world as a leader whose teachings are increasingly-relevant to the progress of humankind. About Dr.
Some of Dr. After days of nearly universal participation by citizens of the black community, many of whom had to walk miles to work each day as a result, the U. More than anything, they helped with free media and training election monitors. They also provided opposition-run municipalities with oil for heating its citizens.
Acting that way, the international community was for years part of the problem rather than part of the solution. It took a hell of a lot of time and energy to fix that.
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On the other hand, one must not underestimate the role of U. But knowledge and technology can help, which we have learned sharing knowledge and experiences with many pro-democracy activists around the globe, including Georgians, Ukrainians, Lebanese, and Maldivians to name those who have succeeded in a struggle for change , as well as Zimbabweans, Burmese, Iranians , and Venezuelans whose dramatic struggles are still very visible around the globe.
But beware of their political advice because successful revolutions are only those which are homegrown, designed and followed by local people in a certain country. What did the movement do after the revolution to hold the new government accountable?
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It was launching two important campaigns November and summer holding the new government accountable, pressing for democratic reforms and fighting corruption. All those things show that for real democratization, revolution itself is not enough. You need to follow up with capacity building and strengthening the democratic institution to get to a democratic society. SP: Otpor and the Serbian nonviolent revolution has really become a worldwide recognizable brand.
History of violence
You will find successful examples of similar movements in Georgia , Ukraine , Lebanon, and as far as the Maldives You will find the same symbols and visual identity in Egypt and Kenya. You will find similar strategically-run nonviolent movements in Venezuela and Vietnam. You will find books and movies distributed widely in Cuba and Iran.