A variety of religious and fun-related activities notably the good-natured city-wide water-fight take place each year, along with parades and a Miss Songkran beauty competition. Chiang Mai Flower Festival: A three-day festival held during the first weekend in February each year, this event occurs when Chiang Mai's temperate and tropical flowers are in full bloom. English is used in hotels and travel-related businesses and many educated people speak English. The Kham Muang alphabet is now studied only by scholars, and Northern Thai is commonly written with the standard Thai alphabet.
Tribal Museum showcases the history of the local mountain tribes. The Lanna Kingdom used leaf or line money made of brass and silver bubbles, also called "pig-mouth" money.
Nobody has been able to duplicate the technique of making pig-mouth money, and because the silver is very thin and breakable, good pieces are now very rare. It is an elaborate dinner or lunch which is offered by a host to guests at various ceremonies or parties, e. Chiang Mai University was the first government university established outside of Bangkok. Payap University is the first private institution in Thailand that was granted university status.
Nature Nam Tok Huai Kaeo lit. Doi Pui Suthep National Park is just outside town. Elephant Nature Park: Approximately 60km 37mi north of the city or about one hour drive, the Elephant Nature Park is home to approximately 30 rescued elephants. Chiang Mai 8 Hill-tribe tourism and trekking: A large number of tour companies offer organized treks among the local hills and forests on foot and on elephant back. Most also involve visits to the various local hill tribes. These include representatives from the Akha, Hmong, Karen, and Lisu tribes.
The discotheques play a variety of music, ranging from electronic dance music to reggae, while live music venues, like the Maya Cafe, feature solo artists as part of the roster. Also, Loi Kroh Road, in the center of the city, is well known for the hostess bars that are located along the length of most of the streetthe street also features a walk-in arcade, with a Muay Thai boxing ring, near the Imperial Mae Ping Hotel. Bars and late-night restaurants are located throughout the city, but many can be found on either side of the moat's eastern flank in the Thaphe Gate area. Live music venues are located in several areas: along the Ping River near Nawarat Bridge; along Immanent road in the western part of the city; or in the vicinity of the night bazaar.
The Playhouse Theatre, on Chang Puak road in the old city, offers nightly shows and entertainment, performed by Thai national performers, featuring contemporary jazz, ballet and tap dance performances; the seat venue also offers a unique Lanna dining experience, surrounded by mountains and waterfalls.
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Karaoke lounges can be found throughout the city, with many found on Chiang Mai Land Road; some very large establishments exist along the length of Chang Klan Road, extending south from the night bazaar. Go-go bars can be found in Chiang Mai, but they are less significant in comparison to karaoke venuesFoxy Lady Night Bazaar, off Thaphe Rd, is one such bar. Activities The Chiang Mai Zoo is the oldest zoo of northern Thailand, and sprawls over an enormous tract of land. Shopping: Chiang Mai has a large and famous night bazaar for local arts and handicrafts.
The night bazaar sprawls across several city blocks along footpaths, inside buildings and temple grounds, and in open squares. A handicraft and food market opens every Sunday afternoon till late on Rachadamnoen Road, the main street in the historical centre, which is then closed to motorised traffic.
Chiang Mai | Nature
Every Saturday evening a handicraft market is held along Wua Lai road, Chiang Mai's silver street  on the south-side of the city beyond Chiang Mai gate, which is then also closed to motorized traffic. Thai massage: The back streets and main thoroughfares of Chiang Mai have an abundance and variety of massage parlours which offer anything from quick, simple, face and foot massages, to month-long courses in the art of Thai massage.
Horse racing: Every Saturday starting at are the races at "Kawila Race Track" and betting on the horses is legal. A number of bus stations link the city to central and northern Thailand. The Central Chang Pheuak terminal north of Chiang Puak Gate provides local services within Chiang Mai Province and the Chiang Mai Arcade bus terminal northeast of the city requires songthaew or tuk-tuk ride, see below provides services to over 20 other destinations in Thailand including Bangkok, Ayutthaya, and Phitsanulok.
There are several services a day from Chiang Mai Arcade terminal to Bangkok a hour journey. The state railway operates 14 trains a day to Chiang Mai Station from Bangkok. Most journeys run overnight and take approximately hours. Most trains offer first-class private cabins and a second-class seats fold out to make sleeping berths service..
No trains are available to cities north of Chiang Mai. International departure hall at Chiang Mai Airport Chiang Mai International Airport receives up to 28 flights a day from Bangkok flight time about 1 hour 10 minutes and also serves as a local hub for services to other northern cities such as Chiang Rai, Phrae and Mae Hong Son. International services also connect Chiang Mai with other regional centers, including cities in other Asian countries.
The local preferred form of transport is personal motorbike and, increasingly, private car. Local public transport is provided in four forms: tuktuks, songthaews, less frequently rickshaws and the recently re-launched, though infrequent, Chiang Mai bus service. Local songthaew fare is usually Thai baht per person for trips in and around the city.
If the group of people is larger, the fare per person will be less. Tuk-tuk fare is usually at least 20 baht per trip comfortable for two, but some can squeeze in four passengers ; fare increases with distance. Chiang Mai's local bus service was relaunched in It serves routes in and around the city, although the service itself lacks the frequency and network available in other major cities. Chiang Mai 10 Tourism Courtyard of Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep The Tourism Authority of Thailand's TAT website promotes the city as "a place where both backpackers and luxury tourists can enjoy the ultimate Thailand holiday", as the city is "one of the few places in Thailand where it is possible to experience both historical and modern Thai culture coexisting side by side: the city features centuries-old chedis and temples next to modern convenience stores and boutique hotels.
More than 80 per cent of the film was shot in the northern province. However, the influx of tourists has put a strain on the citys natural resources.
Faced with rampant unplanned development, air and water pollution, waste management problems and traffic congestion, the city has launched a non-motorised transport NMT system. The climate compatible development strategy has gained support from policy-makers and citizens alike as a result of its many benefits. For other uses, see Chiang Mai disambiguation. Chiang Mai. Wat Chiang Man, the oldest Buddhist temple in the city.
City wall, north-west corner. See also: Environmental issues in Thailand. Chedi , Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep. Wat Chedi Luang. Baan Haw Mosque. Thousands of khom fai in Mae Jo during Loi Kratong. Splashing water on others during Songkran celebrations picture from Chiang Mai.
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Street scene, Chiang Mai. Nam Tok Huai Kaeo lit.
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Courtyard, Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep. Street food , Sunday Evening Market. View south along the eastern moat of city center, Chiang Mai. The road on the right is Moon Muang, on the left, Chaiyapoom. Ho Trai library , Wat Phra Singh. Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of south-east Asia. Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. Leng October—November Exhibition Now. Archived from the original on July 4, Retrieved 13 Jan Retrieved 12 Dec Retrieved on Retrieved Lonely Planet.
Archived from the original on April 24, Chiang Mai City. Archived from the original on September 15, COE Center of Excellence.
Rajabhat Institute of Chiangmai. Retrieved 15 Aug Chiang Mai, Cognoscenti Books, Habitat for Humanity International. Archived from the original on September 13, Archived from the original on 28 Jun Archived from the original on June 30, Thai Meteorological Department. It was only when King Kawila assumed the throne as King of Chiang Mai in , that the temple was restored.
King Kawila had the ubosot built and the chedi enlarged. The whole temple complex underwent extensive renovations under the famous monk Khru Ba Srivichai during the s.
Many of the buildings were again restored in As of May [update] , there are five resident monks. Copyright The image is from Wikipedia Commons. Wikipedia Page. This article is about the temple in Chiang Mai. Walter F.