Manual Jewelry & Gems 101:

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Contents:


  1. Gems 101: Understanding Different Gemstone Cuts and Shapes
  2. Color Cues
  3. Jeffery Davies - Trusted Gemstone and Jewelry Suppliers
  4. Jeffery Davies
  5. Jewelers & Gemologists

Pear-shaped gems are often used in pendants and earrings, as the elegant shape draws the eye downward. A briolette-shaped gemstone is a variation on a pear-shape and is usually considered the most difficult shape to cut. The key difference from the pear-shape is that a briolette is faceted on all sides. The briolette shape originated in India in the 12th century and was most popular during the 17th and 18th centuries. Today, it is relatively uncommon and tends to be used in vintage style pieces, especially necklaces and drop earrings.

Heart-shaped gems are a modified pear-shape with a division at the top to create the popular sentimental and romantic shape. A brilliant cut is the most common pairing with a heart-shaped gem, and the finished stone usually incorporates 59 facets. The complexity of the faceting requires skillful cutting.

There are several named types of square and rectangular-shaped gemstones that combine a particular cut with a square or rectangular shape.

Gems 101: Understanding Different Gemstone Cuts and Shapes

A princess-cut gem usually has up to 78 facets, and the combination of shape and faceting means this style of gemstone shows its color in the corners of the cut as well as the center. You might find the pointed corners on this style can make it less practical for everyday wear, as they may snag on fabrics, particularly if the gem is placed in a raised setting. Am emerald-shaped stone is usually rectangular with angled corners. The top of the stone is flat, and the edges feature a step cut. This shape and cut combination usually looks a little like a window or a mirror and tends to have a subtle gleam that showcases the clarity of the gem rather than an intense sparkle.

Essential Techniques for Jewelry Making - Jewelry 101

Asscher gemstones are named after a Dutch diamond cutter, Joseph Asscher , who invented and patented this variation of the emerald shape in An Asscher gemstone has a much smaller flat top than an emerald shaped gemstone, creating an almost octagonal appearance that evokes the Art-Deco styles of the early twentieth century. In , a new version of the Asscher shape was created by the Asscher family, increasing the number of facets from 58 to 74 and widening the corners.

Since then, Asscher engagement rings have become popular with celebrities, and Jessica Alba, Reese Witherspoon, and Gwyneth Paltrow have all been seen showing off an Asscher-style ring. Cushion or pillow shapes are variants of square and rectangle shapes with rounded edges and corners. This shape features larger facets, which showcase the clarity of the gem, and it is often used with large and expensive colored stones, making it very popular with celebrities.

Baguette-shaped gems are long, narrow rectangles similar to thin emerald shapes featuring step cuts around the sides. Baguettes are sometimes tapered so they are thinner at one end than the other. The style was first introduced during the s during the Art Deco and Art Nouveau periods.

The cut was an instant hit because of its clean geometric lines, which were very much in fashion. Baguettes are only rarely used alone as a centerpiece jewel. The radiant is a hybrid shape that offers the square lines of an emerald with the sparkling brilliance of a round gem. A three-sided, triangular gemstone is known as a trillion or trilliant. Usually matched with a modified brilliant cut style using 31 to 43 facets, this unusual shape can feature either pointed or rounded corners and either straight or curved sides.

Trilliants are usually used in modern jewelry designs and offer very sharp brilliance. Premium Beads BeadsofCambay. Call Us! Previous Next. Step Cut A step cut is created by adding facets in horizontal layers like a set of steps. Brilliant Cut A brilliant cut is a complex, technically demanding cut that places multiple facets at regular angles to create maximum sparkle. Divine Cut A divine cut gem is a recently developed variation of the brilliant cut, designed to increase brilliance and light fraction further.

Ceylon Cut A Ceylon cut is a mixed cut in which the sides of the stone are cut into steps ascending to a brilliant cut center. Rose Cut The rose cut was developed in and was often used for garnets. Barion Cut A barion cut combines both step cuts and brilliant cuts in the gemstone. Checkerboard Cut In a checkerboard cut, the facets are all square, to deliver a checkerboard look. Eight Cut An eight cut is a simpler version of a brilliant cut, with only eight facets around the crown of the gem. Old Mine Cut An old mine cut is one of several older cutting styles, including the old European cut and the Mogul cut that preceded the brilliant cut.


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  4. Gem Jewelers: Your Trusted Source for Diamond & Gemstone Jewelry in Ada since ?

Round Round-shaped gemstones are classic and enduringly popular. Oval The majority of most rough gemstones are loosely spherical, making the oval the most common shape for colored gemstones. Marquise A marquise shape is a pointed oval and tends to be matched with a modified brilliant cut. Choose from over a dozen sapphire shades including traditional blue, the most iconic sapphire color of all.

Color Cues

We sell only real stones, formed in nature, not in a laboratory, because only natural stones hold their financial and sentimental value over time. Every Shane Co. See how we source, select and recut our rubies to obtain their deep red color and superior sparkle. Gray - diamonds contain a high level of hydrogen as an impurity element, which probably causes their color. According to the International Gem Society website :. Basic Gem Cutting Styles. Brilliant cuts - consist of triangular and kite-shaped facets that spread outward from the center of the gem. As befits its name, the brilliant cut gives off the most scintillation of any cut.

Step cuts - consist of rectangular facets that ascend the crown and descend the pavilion in steps. Examples of step cuts include emerald and baguette cuts. Mixed cuts - combine step cut and brilliant cut styles.

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Jeffery Davies - Trusted Gemstone and Jewelry Suppliers

They have brilliant facets on the crown and step facets on the pavilion, or vice versa. Mixed cuts may even combine cabbing and faceting techniques. Rose cut - while brilliant and step cuts currently enjoy the most popularity, the rose cut is a unique style important to gem-cutting history. Dating back to the 16th century, the rose cut has a round, cabbed flat base and a faceted top. The shape and facet types remain the same, but the number and arrangement of facets may differ.

According to The American Gem Society :. Traditionally, a birthstone is associated with each month of the year.

Jeffery Davies

For example, the birthstone for January is a garnet, while lucky babies born in April get a diamond as their birthstone. The origin of birthstones is believed to date back to the breastplate of Aaron which contained twelve gemstones representing the twelve tribes of Israel. The current list dates back to with only one addition since then — the tanzanite was added to December. There are numerous legends and myths about birthstone healing powers and their therapeutic influence.

According to these legends, wearing a gemstone during its assigned month heightened its healing powers. For the full effect, individuals needed to own all twelve and alternate them monthly.


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  • January - For babies born in January, the garnet is the perfect gem to represent their birthstone. This beautiful stone, which is most commonly red but can be found in a range of other colors, symbolizes peace, prosperity and good health. Some say it even has the power to give the wearer eternal happiness, health and wealth. Learn more about the January birthstone, garnet. February - For individuals with February birthdays, the amethyst makes a perfect birthstone. This month is often cold, dark and short for many people around the world, so the amethyst—which is often associated with qualities of peace, courage and stability—is the right gem for individuals who need a little extra warmth and strength this time of year.

    Jewelers & Gemologists

    A beautiful purple quartz, the amethyst is an easily recognizable gem, but you may not know everything about it just yet! March - For the lucky individuals born in March, two birthstones are associated with this early spring month: aquamarine and bloodstone. Both stones are very different from one another in appearance, but each share a similar symbolism of preserving or enhancing the health of the wearer.

    April - For those fortunate to be born in April, the most prized gemstone of all is their birthstone. May - May birthdays fall right in the heart of spring, and the emerald is the perfect gem to symbolize and celebrate this month.