- El mito de la Revolucion Masonica (Nowtilus Saber) (Spanish Edition)
- El Mito de la Revolucion Masonica by Eduardo R. Callaey Aranzibia (2007, Paperback)
- El mito de la revolución masónica - Los Angeles Public Library - OverDrive
- Expansion: Secret Societies Outside Europe
I get my most wanted eBook. My friends are so mad that they do not know how I have all the high quality ebook which they do not! Just select your click then download button, and complete an offer to start downloading the ebook. If there is a survey it only takes 5 minutes, try any survey which works for you. Book Descriptions: Sulle tracce degli antenati. Register for FREE 1st month. Download your desired books 3. A Chateurbrind, Congreso de Verona. It is curious that there is a certain tendency to grant influence and power of Freemasonry to the liberals in Cadiz, while in fact Freemasons were on the opposite side, that of Joseph Bonaparte, who was supported by lodges in Madrid, thus also supporting the French invasion.
The bibliography of those in favour and those against Freemasonry at the end of the nineteenth century is renowned—although from diametrically opposed views, both show an archaic Masonic megalomania, and contributed to a myth of what was unknown or ignored by the majority of the people But when referring to Freemasonry in the first years of the nineteenth century one can only refer to the ephemeral Freemasonry of Bonaparte in its respective French and Spanish sides 17, which we now know of in some depth thanks to the archives deposited in the Manuscripts Section of the Bibliotheque National de Paris, on rue Richelieu.
On the subject of liberalism: the revolution, and its consequences for the Spanish clergy and for the ancient regime, was not only political heresy but also religious—so much so that Spanish Freemasons or French ones living in Spain saw Freemasonry as the liberating liberal formula that the country needed. Thus the Inquisition was used as a sort of political police by some, and was considered by the Freemasons as the most harmful institution in Spain. We believe we are doing a great service to God, the Homeland and to our Holy Religion, by openly declaring and warning of the dangers that surround our nation due to the introduction of the damned society of freemasons, who like sly vixens have swept all over the land of Spain… This happened especially since , as there was confusion in the documents that referred to Freemasonry, caused by the impact of the Illuminati.
In alarmist literature, there was not always a clear distinction between the Illuminati and Freemasonry. This was useful for the European monarchs who, impressed by the ideological progress of the French Revolution, took severe steps against these societies.
El mito de la Revolucion Masonica (Nowtilus Saber) (Spanish Edition)
Thus we find among the papers of the Inquisition of that time different documents and leaflets that are a reflection of the conspiracy literature of the time, in which Freemasons, Illuminati, and Jacobins are confused and in which once more the fear created by a more or less secret society 26 is manifest. One only has to read Masonic speeches of the time to not only know what Freemasons thought of the Inquisition, but that they also considered themselves liberals. Among these, perhaps the most explanatory speech is the one compiled in the architecture book of Santa Julia Lodge in Madrid. The following is a curious example of what different ideas some had of Freemasonry.
Was it possible, I wondered, that these men gathered to plot all this evil and forge betrayals? This paper was dated May 29, He must hasten to learn the lessons of virtue among the Freemasons This kind of literature, apologetic on one hand and slanderous on the other, was a very efficient way to create a solid image in favour of and against Freemasonry.
To complement these works one has to mention the first abbreviated edition in Spanish of the famous anti-Masonic publication by the former Jesuit, Father Barruel, Historia del Jacobinismo: Compendio de las Memorias para servir a dicha historia. Le Boussonnier, , ; Luxembourg, ; Hambourg, P.
Fauche, , ; Paris: A. Compendium , published in Spanish in The complete works in four volumes were published in London in in English and French I, and Clear and outstanding disciples of Barruel in his anti-Masonic obsession were the also former Jesuits exiled in Italy PP. Rome, March 25th, Madrid, , 2 vols.
El Mito de la Revolucion Masonica by Eduardo R. Callaey Aranzibia (2007, Paperback)
This author situates political satire at the origins and prehistory of political journalism as in fact it is little more than occasionally combative informal press. Some variations that are fundamental for political satire and social protest—as Iris Zavala highlights—added a thicker layer in America. So the press and literature, whether clandestine or not, established a sort of dialogue on each side of the ocean. And in Cuba clandestine literature was characteristically anti-Masonic.
Even more so, since they were preceded by a conspiracy that failed a coup in which was called Masonic They had similar features, for they too identified the Freemasons with the French, the revolutionary partisans, and liberals. Richard E. Agostino Lattanzi in his Bibliografia della Massoneria e di Cagliostro Firenze, , attributes this work to monsenior Francesco Barber.
For the Centinela contra francs-masones by P. Disillusionment 3 taken from the repenting of Hidalgo y Costilla on his deathbed, similar to that of Antioch with whom he compared himself. Disillusionment 4 taken from the lies with which Joseph Napoleon, in order to fool the world, supposedly to be reigning in America and the impostures and more identified to those of the French overseas, that spread over here the hidden agents of napoLeo.
Disillusionment 5 taken from the anhilation of the power and pride of Morelos in Cuatla de Amilpas Cfr. Documento But what is most curious is that in the first independent publications we also find the same anti-Masonry; in this case, to justify the uprising and to delegitimize the monarchists accused, in turn, of being Freemasons.
Thus in the Ilustrador Nacional, the viceroy Francisco Xavier Venegas is signalled as an atheist, materialist, and Freemason for having opposed the true struggle in favour of Ferdinand VII in the hands of the French, the latter having brought heresy to Spain, as was shown by the Francophiles who supported Napoleon and their henchmen.
El mito de la revolución masónica - Los Angeles Public Library - OverDrive
And before the end of , when the cause for independence was expanding among the insurgents, the idea began to gather strength of staying away from the peninsula because it was dominated by Freemasonry It was repeated in anti-Masonic and anti-liberal literature on both sides of the Atlantic, but was nevertheless very far from the truth, on the continent as well as in Mexico. From the courts of Cadiz without Freemasonry to the Inquisition Not even in Cadiz or within its Parliament is there record of a Masonic presence. Nevertheless what is recorded—like in New Spain—is a violent and deeply rooted anti- Masonic feeling.
This is proven by the press in Cadiz at that time. And this is not because the subject was put aside, for the anti-Masonic feeling in Cadiz was very strong. Among these, we should emphasize especially El Sol de Cadiz, which, as we have seen, started in October with the sole purpose of attacking Freemasonry In this sense, this attitude toward the Parliament of Cadiz proves that the proceedings had no Freemason influence, but also had a thoroughly ant-Masonic orientation, which could be seen in the royal document dated on January 19, , including the confirmation of the royal decree of July 2, forbidding Freemasonry in the dominions of the Indies and the Philippine Islands.
Morelos at the September 14th congress session, in Hernandez y Davalos, op. Stripped of their work, their titles, religious habits, and any other distinction, they were to be sent back to Spain. And if they were foreigners, even if they had been naturalised and had lived in America for many years in good conduct, they were to be exiled from those lands, and if they had no children, all their goods were to be confiscated.
When Ferdinand VII came back in , a new bibliographic and historiographical period began which was distinctively separate from the former. Archivo anexo, folio As the Constitution and the work done by the parliament was derogated on May 1, , a few weeks later, on May 24, a Royal Decree was published in Madrid forbidding clandestine association due to the harm they caused the Church and State. In this document we find what is usual in these types of ecclesiastical prohibitions of Freemasonry: the union of interest between the Church and the State; i.
Logically, following these last decrees and edicts of the inquisition, there were no few spontaneous declarations to the inquisition, as well denunciations, reports, indictments, etc.
In any case these were the lodges belonging to the Napoleonic Freemasonry introduced into Spain by the Bonaparte dynasty. This important number of clergy present among Freemasons at that time distances us even further from the Masonic anti-clericalism which featured so decisively in Spanish Freemasonry at the end of the nineteenth century.
And one would have to analyse whether these secret societies could be considered the cause or, rather, instruments of that same revolution. It is obvious that many of those who prepared revolutionary coups only joined societies in order to plot with greater ease. In this sense one can notice a foreign influence that distorted the spirit of many secret societies and separated them from their authentic and primitive end. The former vague theist ideology and the philanthropic ends specific to the eighteenth-century secret societies in quite a few cases—especially in Latin countries—were overcome or demolished in the nineteenth century by the eruption of romantic revolutionary intruders, who used secret societies, and especially Freemasonry, as a platform to prepare romantic revolts.
The characteristics of these secret organizations contributed indirectly, especially being out of sight, which allowed them to organize clandestinely.
This is why Italy, Spain, Portugal, and France showed the most revolutionary activity in secret societies at that time. On the other hand, the press and anti-reformist literature, when attacking the liberals, often hinted at or categorically stated that the latter were addicted to Freemasonry.
For quite a few conservative clerics, liberalism was nothing less than a permanent Masonic plot. These publications are contemporary to the report by D. This same book would be used later on by another priest, don Vicente de la Fuente, in his previously mentioned work The History of Secret Societies and especially the one of Freemasonry.
Some historical events took place in Mexico during this same period: the Plan of Iguala July 24, , which established the basis for Independence 67; the Treaty of Cordoba August 24, 68; and the liberator Iturbide proclaimed himself Emperor of Mexico May 19, Virginia Guedea. Guedea, En busca de un gobierno alterno. Ruth Solis Vicarte, Las sociedades secretas en el primer gobierno republicano, In this strain of attempting to understand the Masonic phenomenon, a voluminous book of nearly pages was published. Although there are some publications reminding us of the pontifical prohibitions of the eighteenth century, 73 these are generally written in defense of Freemasonry.
It is curious that they printed in this papal bull from , when Pius VII had much more recently published Ecclesiam Christi, on September 13, Mariano Ontiveros, , The author, hiding under the initials Z. His main duty is to teach enlightened thoughts. It identified Freemasonry with freedom and equality. As the author claimed, Freemasons put to practice freedoms and principles so fundamental as that of equality 79 among men, lawfulness, and freedom. This idea seemed to have been taken from the already mentioned Examen…published in Madrid in and reprinted in Mexico in printed by D.
Jose de Betancourt. Miguel Batllori, El abate Vizcardo. Benavente y Socios, and at the Americana de D. Herculano del Villar y socios, , 4. Also see Carta segunda Also see Carta segunda, Carta tercera and Carta cuarta. Benavente y Socios. Rafael Davila. Printers were used to expose different interpretations of Freemasonry. Meanwhile, the print of M. Segundo de nuestra Independencia. Imprenta contraria al despotismo de D.
This essay has the clues to understand the contradiction, the duality between esoterism and power, the hidden and silenced conspiracy of the history of Masonry. Eduardo R. Callaey Argentina. Historiador, periodista y guionista.
Expansion: Secret Societies Outside Europe
Mimebro de la masoneria argentina. Ha presidido dos logias y ocupado el cargo de Gran Consejero de la Orden. If you know the book but cannot find it on AbeBooks, we can automatically search for it on your behalf as new inventory is added.