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Yamakoshi for useful discussion on the ecology of Bossou chimpanzees. We thank the editors and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on this manuscript. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. International Journal of Primatology. Int J Primatol. Published online Jan Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Nicola Bryson-Morrison, Email: ku. Corresponding author. Received May 12; Accepted Dec 6. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Many primate populations inhabit anthropogenic landscapes.
Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi Keywords: Forest—agricultural mosaic, Habitat selection, Human—wildlife coexistence, Risk perception. Introduction Habitat loss due to deforestation and land conversion are major causes of the decline of nonhuman primate hereafter primate species Chapman and Peres ; Estrada Concentrated on the summit of one of the small hills, known as Gban.
Dense forest with little to no signs of human disturbance. Dominated by small, young regenerating tree species. Cultivars still present. Dominated by an invasive species, Chromolaena odorata. Tree saplings, lianas, and THV emerging. Characterized by dense tree saplings, lianas, and THV. Banana plants, oil palm, and cultivated fruit tree orchards often present.
Usually contains a mix of cultivars such as cassava, maize, okra, and rice. Open in a separate window. Data Analyses Habitat Use and Preferences To examine chimpanzee habitat selection, we summed the number of min scans in forest habitat, i. Ethical Note Our study adhered to all research requirements of Guinea, the ethical protocols for research set out by the University of Kent, UK and the Kyoto University Primate Research Institute, Japan, the institution that manages the Bossou fieldsite.
Habitat Preference for Foraging For the forest habitat types and given relative habitat availability, selection ratios revealed that the chimpanzees highly preferred mature forest for foraging during all time periods. Habitat Preference for Other Activities. Traveling Chimpanzees highly preferred mature forest for traveling, used secondary forest relative to availability, and avoided riverine and young secondary forest for traveling regardless of season.
Resting The chimpanzees highly preferred mature forest for resting during all time periods. Socializing Of the forest habitats, chimpanzees preferred only mature forest for socializing. Discussion Our study revealed that the chimpanzee community inhabiting the highly heterogeneous anthropogenic landscape of Bossou used different habitat types with varying frequency depending on season and behavioral activity. Habitat Preference for Foraging Our results support the prediction that chimpanzee patterns of habitat use for foraging reflect spatial and temporal food resource availability.
Habitat Preference for Other Activities Our results indicated that Bossou chimpanzees preferred to travel, rest, and socialize in habitat types with less human-induced pressure. Implications for Chimpanzee Conservation in Anthropogenic Landscapes Overall, our study clearly indicated that chimpanzees at Bossou show a high preference for mature forest. Electronic Supplementary Material Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material. Acknowledgements We thank the Institut de Recherche Environmentale de Bossou and the Direction Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique for permission to conduct this study.
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Forest restoration in abandoned agricultural land: a case study from East Africa. Conservation Biology. Estimators of fruit abundance of tropical trees. Primate conservation in the new millennium: the role of scientists. Evolutionary Anthropology. Trade-offs between foraging and predation risk determine habitat use in a desert baboon population. Animal Behaviour. Fecal glucocorticoid metabolites of experimentally stressed captive and free-living starlings: implications for conservation research.
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Wildlife Biology. Chimpanzee diet and habitat selection in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. This compilation of research principally strives to uncover the complexity of the mind and behavioral flexibility of our closest living relatives. This work also reveals the necessity for ongoing efforts to conserve chimpanzees in the region. Chimpanzees have shed more light on our evolutionary origins than any other extant species in the world, yet their numbers in the wild are rapidly declining.
In that sense, the Bossou chimpanzees and their neighbors clearly embody an invaluable cultural heritage for humanity as a whole. Readers can enjoy video clips illustrating unique behaviors of Bossou chimpanzees, in an exclusive DVD accompanying the hardcover or at a dedicated website described in the softcover. Have doubts regarding this product? Post your question. Safe and Secure Payments. Easy returns.