- Joint Statement on the Inaugural U.S.-India 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
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Hence, he has more openly allied India with other democratic partners and, in a remarkable evolution from times past, has encouraged his counterparts to consider not merely increased bilateral economic cooperation, but, rather, initiatives aimed at bringing security and prosperity to other parts of the globe. Such enthusiasm has been welcomed by his American interlocutors, at least prior to President Trump. Third, to the chagrin of some and the delight of others, Modi has quietly but resolutely moved India away from the rhetoric of non-alignment to the practice of strategic partnership.
To the contrary, India has ploughed its own course in foreign policy, dictated by a sense of its own interests.source url
Joint Statement on the Inaugural U.S.-India 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
Two examples in widely different areas prove the point. The first is in the area of climate change. There is little doubt that the US and India played pivotal roles in the discussions leading up to the Paris Agreement. Prime Minister Modi, recognising the significance of securing an international consensus on mitigating climate change, pushed back against many in his own country to commit India to concrete pledges that made the final compact possible.
While this term has taken on new life under President Trump, the defining agreement between the US and India occurred under President Obama. Articulating the larger objective in this way was remarkable for many reasons.
Second, India utilised the process of developing the joint strategic vision to convey to the US and to others how it intended to contribute towards the common goal of ensuring maritime security in its traditional and new operating spaces in the Indo-Pacific. Third, and finally, the US—in active collaboration with India—began to treat the joint vision statement as a road map for developing the bureaucratic justifications necessary to authorise the sale of advanced military technologies that would enable India to execute the relevant operational missions in the wider Indian Ocean Region. Today, the US—India relationship encompasses the most intense bilateral engagement that New Delhi enjoys with any nation.
For all the breadth of its successes, however, the partnership still lacks the requisite depth; mitigating this deficit remains the key task for both countries in the years ahead. Three elements in particular deserve concerted attention.
When individual hindrances are brought to his attention, he is invariably quick to resolve them, but the very fact that impediments repeatedly emerge—and are not resolved at lower levels of government—suggests that his vision may not be sufficiently internalised by his ministerial colleagues and their supporting bureaucracies. Since this challenge remains, albeit in different ways, there is perhaps no alternative in the near term to greater oversight by the Prime Minister himself and his national security team, if the promise of a deeper US—India strategic partnership is to be meaningfully realised.
Furthermore, because the national security space remains the most critical arena for deepening US—India ties, it is unlikely that New Delhi will be able to take full advantage of its cooperation with Washington without structural reforms in Indian defence policy. Finally, the strategic partnership between Washington and New Delhi will remain perpetually handicapped if trade relations between the two countries remain un-reformed.
India, under Modi and even before, has made significant progress in opening its economy to foreign investment. This is undoubtedly a major step forward, but it remains incomplete so long as the US exports to India still remain limited by regulation and policy. Download the PDF. This tragic development has been detailed in Baru, Sanjaya. Vajpayee, Atal Bihari.
India, US discuss deepening Indo-Pacific cooperation as China hosts BRI meet
For a survey of this period, see Tellis, Ashley J. Mohan, C Raja.
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Tellis, Ashley J. Malik, J Mohan.
This challenge is analysed in detail in Tellis, Ashley J. Alice Wells, principal deputy assistant secretary for the Bureau of South and Central Asia Affairs was earlier in New Delhi for talks on issues including the ending of US sanctions exemptions on oil imports from Iran. Discussed opportunities for further collaboration with our major defence partner," said Ken Juster, US ambassador to India said in a Twitter post. The two countries also hold bilateral military exercises.
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The Leaders stressed that terrorism is a global scourge that must be fought and terrorist safe havens rooted out in every part of the world. They resolved that India and the United States will fight together against this grave challenge to humanity. India appreciated the United States designation of the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen leader as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist as evidence of the commitment of the United States to end terror in all its forms.
In this spirit, the leaders welcomed a new consultation mechanism on domestic and international terrorist designations listing proposals. The leaders called on Pakistan to ensure that its territory is not used to launch terrorist attacks on other countries.
The leaders announced increased cooperation to prevent terrorist travel and to disrupt global recruitment efforts by expanding intelligence-sharing and operational-level counterterrorism cooperation. They welcomed commencement of the exchange of information on known and suspected terrorists for travel screening. They further resolved to strengthen information exchange on plans, movements and linkages of terrorist groups and their leaders, as well as on raising and moving of funds by terrorist groups.
The leaders also affirmed their support for a U. Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism that will advance and strengthen the framework for global cooperation and reinforce the message that no cause or grievance justifies terrorism. They also pledged to work together to prevent proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems and to deny access to such weapons by terrorists and non-state actors. The United States and India look forward to working together on advanced defense equipment and technology at a level commensurate with that of the closest allies and partners of the United States.
Noting the importance of the upcoming MALABAR naval exercise, the leaders determined to expand their engagements on shared maritime objectives and to explore new exercises.