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Discussing where he took the Blues, from "dirt floor, smoke in the air" joints to grand concert halls, King said the Blues belonged everywhere beautiful music belonged. He successfully worked both sides of the commercial divide, with sophisticated recordings and "raw, raucous" live performance. In , King went on a "farewell" world tour, although he remained active afterward.
In June , King was present at a memorial of his first radio broadcast at the Three Deuces Building in Greenwood, Mississippi , where an official marker of the Mississippi Blues Trail was erected. The same month, a groundbreaking was held for a new museum, dedicated to King,  in Indianola, Mississippi. In late October , King recorded a concert album and video entitled B.
King: Live at his B. King Blues Clubs in Nashville and Memphis. The video of the four-night production featured his regular B. King Blues Band and captured his show as he performed it nightly around the world. Released in , they documented his first live performances in over a decade. In the summer of , King played at the Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival in Manchester, Tennessee , where he was given a key to the city.
King performed at the Mawazine festival in Rabat, Morocco , on May 27, Rolling Stone ranked King at No. On October 3, , after completing his live performance at the House of Blues in Chicago, a doctor diagnosed King with dehydration and exhaustion, and the eight remaining shows of his ongoing tour had to be cancelled.
King didn't schedule any additional shows for the remainder of the year. King used equipment characteristic of the different periods he played in. He played guitars made by various manufacturers early in his career. In reference to the photo, B. King stated, "Yes; the old Fender amplifiers were the best that were ever made, in my opinion. I fell in love with it, because its sound is right between the old Fender amps that we used to have and the Fender Twin.
He later moved on from the larger Gibson hollow bodied instruments which were prone to feedback when played a high volumes to various semi-hollow models beginning first with the ES and then a deluxe version called the ES which employed a stereo option . In , Gibson Guitar Corporation launched the B. King Lucille model, a ES with stereo options, a varitone selector and fine tuners neither of which were actually utilized by B.
In , Gibson made a special run of 80 Gibson Lucilles, referred to as the "80th Birthday Lucille", the first prototype of which was given as a birthday gift to King, and which he used thereafter. It was made by Norlin Industries for Gibson in the s and s. The L5 has an onboard compressor, parametric equalization, and four inputs. King also used a Fender Twin Reverb. King to Memphis to open the original B.
Management is currently in the process of finding a new location in New York City. In , the children's show, Between The Lions , featured a singing character named "B.
King, who was diabetic, appeared in several television commercials for OneTouch Ultra , a blood glucose monitoring device, in the s and early s. The failure of both marriages has been attributed to the heavy demands made by King's performances a year. Several of them also went public with the allegation that King's business manager, LaVerne Toney, and his personal assistant, Myron Johnson, had fatally poisoned him.
Autopsy results showed no evidence of poisoning. A defamation suit filed by Johnson against the accusing family members including his own sister, Karen Williams is pending. Other children have filed lawsuits targeting King's music estate, which remains in dispute. King was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in As a result, he stopped flying around the age of King's favorite singer was Frank Sinatra. In his autobiography he spoke about how he was a "Sinatra nut" and how he went to bed every night listening to Sinatra's classic album In the Wee Small Hours.
During the s Sinatra had arranged for King to play at the main clubs in Las Vegas. He credited Sinatra for opening doors to black entertainers who were not given the chance to play in "white-dominated" venues.
King among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the Universal fire. In September , King recorded Live in Cook County Jail , during a time in which issues of race  and class in the prison system were prominent in politics. King also co-founded the Foundation for the Advancement of Inmate Rehabilitation and Recreation, tying in his support for prisoners and interest in prison reform.
In , King signed on as an official supporter of Little Kids Rock , a nonprofit organization that provides free musical instruments and instruction to children in underprivileged public schools throughout the United States. He sat on the organization's Honorary Board of Directors. In the s to early s, King  was also involved in a diabetes awareness campaign with American Idol contestant, Crystal Bowersox , with One Touch Ultra, starring in commercials promoting diabetes health management.
The remaining eight shows of his tour were cancelled because of health problems caused by complications from high blood pressure and diabetes. On May 27, , King's body was flown to Memphis. A funeral procession went down Beale Street , with a brass band marching in front of the hearse, playing " When the Saints Go Marching In. His body was then driven down Route 61 to his hometown of Indianola, Mississippi. King Museum. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
American blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter. King at the North Sea Jazz Festival. Blues rhythm and blues blues rock  gospel . Singer guitarist songwriter record producer. When I sing, I play in my mind; the minute I stop singing orally, I start to sing by playing Lucille. For more information about King's guitar, see Lucille guitar. Main article: B. King discography. Singin' the Blues  The Blues B. King Mr. King in London L. Mississippi portal African American portal. Rutgers University Press. Encyclopedia of the Blues , Routledge, , p. Hal Leonard. Retrieved March 12, April 25, King Biography".
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 15, King Dies at 89". Los Angeles Times. May 14, Encyclopedia of the Blues. Translated by Brigitte Debord 2nd ed. Fayetteville, Ark. Retrieved May 31, Retrieved February 17, King , University Press of Mississippi, , p. King the blues". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 2, Kostelanetz, Richard; Reiswig, Jesse eds. The B. King Reader: 6 Decades of Commentary 2nd ed. Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard. King, Defining Bluesman for Generations, Dies at 89".
The New York Times. King: National Visionary". National Visionary Leadership Project. Retrieved June 3, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. January 25, Archived from the original on June 4, King - KWEM ".go site
Full text of "Dictionary of French and English, English and French"
KWEM Radio. Edited by Jessie Carney Smith. By Thomas E. Stormy Monday , p. King's new Memphis-style club". Soul of the Man: Bobby "Blue" Bland. University Press of Mississippi. Retrieved September 12, All About Jazz. No Rock And Roll Fun. Retrieved 15 May King: Lucille Speaks". Archived from the original on November 16, King: Biography and Much More from".
Retrieved May 16, President and Fellows of Harvard College. Retrieved October 5, Chicago Tribune. King, Mississippi-born master of the blues, dies at 89". Retrieved May 30, King Dead at Blues guitarist whose sound defined music for generations passes away in sleep". New York Daily News. Sun Records. July 15, King Dead at Age 89". ABC News. King: Laureate of the Polar Music Prize ". Polar Music Prize. ITN Source.
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Dec 18, MTV News. Retrieved King dead at age 89". KUSI News. The Daily Telegraph. The Sydney Morning Herald. July 5, King Museum and Delta Interpretive Center". Archived from the original on February 6, Ross "B. King Museum to open this Saturday". Paste Magazine. January 15, Where's Eric! King — One Shoe Blues". Kaleidoscope Pictures. King Given Key to the City at Bonnaroo". USA Today. Hollywood Bowl. Archived from the original on May 18, Archived from the original on January 2, Retrieved December 30, Premier Guitar.
Unlike a phrase, a sentence is a grammatical unit. You will need nouns, pronouns, adjectives words that modify nouns , adverbs words that modify verbs and adjectives , etc. There are also different types of sentences: declarative statements , interrogative questions , exclamative exclamations , and commandative commands. The structure of sentences, and not just phrases, must be studied and practiced in order to learn a new language. Most important, at beginning levels, is to get your French face on. This means pronunciation is critical.
You do not want to have to unlearn anything when you get to the next level. The textual pronunciation examples here are based on the International Phonetic Alphabet IPA , and should be used to prepare your mind. The IPA symbols are designed by scientists, and are no match to listening to French people within their own environment.
It is important to actually listen to a real French speaker at this stage. Use the example voices contained in the book, but also watch French media on the Internet. You should be cautioned about French songs. It is acceptable for artists to twist a word for style and for rhyme, and they love to embellish endings. You will also find that mutes are pronounced in lyric and poetry. It is often the case that a singer or poem recitation will say "ewnuh" for une and "veeuh" for vie. You may also note, to prevent boredom, a lyric may be "veeuh" on one verse, and "vee" on the next.
Examples, as to why songs and poetry are added experiences in learning and enjoying the French language. Just as in English, you will use these as a base to create the fourteen 14 French tenses. Present, Future, Conditional, etc. Don't worry about tenses for this exercise. They are complications that will take months and years to master. Generally, only ten 10 tenses are used except for advanced levels of French. The above verbs must be mastered to even begin. You might think the list is too short, so feel free to add verbs into your flash-card rotation.
The next verb examples, that are important to any language, are the movement type verbs. While you can "have, know, can, etc" you also need to "go, come, or stay" in many conversations. These verbs are considered basic building blocks. That brings us to the "Big Seven" French question words.
These, like the above will quickly become complicated as well. The following is obviously simplified, but your understanding at this level, will quickly get you to the next level. There are many methods for students to learn new subjects, and the first method is to use what are known as "tricks," designed to make it easier so it would seem. These tricks, in most cases, merely prevent the brain from storing the information for direct lookup.
One example is the French word chat. Others, such as changing -ment to -ly or -ant to -ing are a similar waste of time. A good example of the damage that can be done by these "tricks", is in learning Morse Code. Many teachers will begin by showing the dit's and dah's visually, and then make the sound using the key following each symbol. So that dah-di-da-dit "-. Alas, this technique only works up to a certain speed, and then the students brain is so damaged, they have no hope of using the code any faster than 10 Words Per Minute.
It was found in the 's , that if you just associate the whole sound with a letter, and ignore the combinations of dit's and dah's, that new students listening to 20 Words Per Minute for several weeks, were able to go to work immediately. A famous Scottish-American named Andrew Carnegie went from a message boy to head telegraph operator by learning to associate sounds with whole words, and not just writing down each character, as the method used by his peers.
The advice offered in this book, is to avoid these tricks , and to associate word and sentence sounds with their meaning. Listen to the new word or sentence, and store the meaning in your brain.
Do not try to translate one language into your native language before responding. Simply associate the word or sentence, but do not translate it. When you go shopping, and hear customers saying in English "How much is that? After associating ten things about the word "Combien" the brain will simplify matters for you, much like it pulls the steering wheel with your arm, after the eyes see a pot-hole ahead.
Forever more, "Combien" will be associated with a quantity "How much", or "How many" just as pot-holes are associated with "avoid. French is based on the Latin alphabet also called the Roman alphabet , and there are 26 letters. Originally there were 25 letters, with 'W' being added by the mid-nineteenth century.
Unlike the English, who call it a "double-u," the French use "double-v" and pronounce it doo-bluh-vay after the 'V' which is pronounced vay. These two letters are used mostly with adopted foreign words. The French alphabet used today is less than years old.
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In French, certain consonants are silent when they are the final letter of a word. The letters d , l , n , s , t and z are pronounced with the tip of the tongue against the upper teeth and the middle of the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In English, one would pronounce these letters with the tip of the tongue at the roof of one's mouth. Unlike English, when you pronounce the letters b and p in French, little to no air should come out of your mouth.
In terms of phonetics, the difference in the French b and p and their English counterparts is one of aspiration. Fortunately, in English both aspirated and unaspirated variants allophones exist, but only in specific environments. If you're a native speaker, say the word pit and then the word spit out loud. Did you notice the extra puff of air in the first word that doesn't come with the second?
The letter 'q' is always followed by a 'u'. There are only two exceptions, 'cinq' five and 'coq' rooster. A final 'r' after 'e' is generally mute, but it is pronounced on words of one syllable 'fer' iron , 'mer' sea and 'hier' yesterday. The h is never pronounced, whether it is aspirated or not aspirated. The only way to tell if the h at the beginning of a word is aspirated is to look it up in the dictionary.
In short, the words must be memorized. Five different kinds of accent marks are used in written French. In many cases, an accent changes the sound of the letter to which it is added. In others, the accent has no effect on pronunciation. Accents in French never indicate stress which always falls on the last syllable. The following table lists every French accent mark and the letters with which it can be combined:. Since this reform is relatively recent and mostly unknown to laypeople, the two spellings can be used interchangeably.
The acute accent is the most common accent used in written French. This accent is often called a 'hat' in language and mathematics, and usually indicates the disappearance of the old-French s after the vowel wearing it the hat but this s can still be found in a noun or a verb of the same lexical family. The cedilla is used only with the letter c , and is said to make the c soft , making it equivalent to the English and French s. When talking to one's peers or to children, Salut is used as a greeting. Its English equivalents would be hi and hey. Bonjour , literally meaning good day , should be used for anyone else.
One is upon arrival, the other upon departure. In addition to being used as an informal greeting, Salut also means bye. Again, it should only be used among friends. Another informal greeting is ciao , an Italian word commonly used in France. Au revoir is the only formal way to say Good-bye. Tu t'appelles comment? It is normal to just reply by stating your name, however you may also respond with [[wikt:Je m'appelle [ name ].
Je m'appelle [ name ].
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The phrase literally means It goes? A more formal way to say this is Comment allez-vous? Bien is preceded by certain adverbs to specify the degree to which you are well. Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer. This is an important difference between French and English today. English no longer distinguishes between the singular, and the plural, formal version of you. The use of thou for the informal singular version faded almost completely by the mid-nineteenth century.
Vous is the plural form of you. This is somewhat equivalent to you all , you guys , all of you , except that it does not carry any familiarity when used with the plural. You would use it to address your friends as well as when talking to the whole government at a press conference. Vous is also used to refer to single individuals to show respect, to be polite or to be neutral. It is used when talking to someone who is important, someone who is older than you are, or someone with whom you are unfamiliar.
This is known as Vouvoiement. Note the conversation between M. Bernard and M. Lambert above as an example of this use. Conversely, tu is the singular and informal form of vous you in French. It is commonly used when referring to a friend or a family member, and is also used between children or when addressing a child.
If it is used when speaking to a stranger, it signals disrespect. This is known as Tutoiement. As a rule of thumb, use tu only when you would call that person by his first name, otherwise use vous. French people will make it known when they would like you to refer to them by tu. The use of vous is less common in Quebequois than in French from France. In sociolinguistics, a T—V distinction describes the situation wherein a language has second-person pronouns that distinguish varying levels of politeness, social distance, courtesy, familiarity, or insult toward the addressee. The expressions T-form informal and V-form formal , with reference to the initial letters of these pronouns in Latin, tu and vos.
In Latin, tu was originally the singular, and vos the plural, with no distinction for honorific or familiar. It was only between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries that the norms for the use of T- and V-forms crystallized. Note that with vous , the verb appelez is spelled with one 'l', whereas with tu it has two l's appelles. This is an irregular conjugation which will be covered more in-depth in a later lesson. You are at your first business conference representing your new company, and your manager begins to speak with a colleague you have never met.
You want to greet him, tell him your name, and ask him his name. We can remark that 21, 31, 41, 51, 61 and 71 can have et un with or without a hyphen; otherwise this it is simply both words consecutively vingt-six , trente-trois , etc with a hyphen in between. For , cent is added before the rest of the number; this continues up to and onward.
Many speakers of French outside of France refer to the numbers 70 to 99 in the same pattern as the other numbers. On May 5, one would say "C'est le cinq mai. In French, il est is used to express the time; though it would literally translate as he is , it is actually, in this case, equivalent to it is impersonal il. Unlike in English, it is always important to use heures hours when referring to the time.
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Time is often abbreviated using h for heure s. For example, 9 o'clock AM would be 9h or 9h They also use hour time in this format, so 10 o'clock PM would be 22h. In addition, French uses several accents which are worth understanding. The French time system traditionally uses a hour scale. Shorthand for writing times in French follows the format "17h30", which would represent PM in English.
Its adjective equivalent is bon ne , which means good. Since je vais , meaning I go , uses an action verb, the adverb bien is used. In English, I'm good, which uses the linking verb am , is followed by an adjective rather than an adverb. This can be used in a similar manner to do in English. Instead of You want it?
Chez moi is used to say at my place. Chez [ name ] is used to say at [ name' s] place. The following test will confirm your progress in the French introduction. Try to answer the questions to the best of your ability without turning to the previous chapters or consulting the test answers. Translate this dialogue between Henri and Jacques into English. Each phrase is worth 1 points. Nouns are words that represent physical objects, like an apple. In French, all nouns have a grammatical gender ; that is, they are either masculine m or feminine f.
Most nouns that express people or animals have both a masculine and a feminine form. For example, the two words for the actor in French are l'acteur and l'actrice. However, there are some nouns that talk about people or animals whose gender is fixed, regardless of the actual gender of the person or animal. For example, la personne the person is always feminine, even when it's talking about your uncle; le professeur the teacher is always masculine, even when it's talking about your female professor or teacher.
The nouns that express things without an obvious gender e. This form can be masculine or feminine. For example, la voiture the car can only be feminine; le stylo the pen can only be masculine. There are many exceptions to gender rules in French which can only be learned. There are even words that are spelled the same, but have a different meaning when masculine or feminine; for example, le livre means the book , but la livre means the pound. Some words that appear to be masculine such as la photo , which should be masculine but is not because it is actually short for la photographie are in fact feminine, and vice versa.
Then there are some that just don't make sense; la foi is feminine and means faith or belief , whereas le foie is masculine and means liver. There are three definite articles and an abbreviation. Le is used for masculine nouns, La is used for feminine nouns, Les is used for plural nouns both masculine or feminine , and L' is used when the noun is singular and begins with a vowel or silent h both masculine or feminine.
It is similar to English, where a changes to an before a vowel. Unlike English, the definite article is used to talk about something in a general sense, a general statement or feeling about an idea or thing. Elision refers to the suppression of a final unstressed vowel immediately before another word beginning with a vowel. When pronounced, the vowel sound is dropped. In addition to the definite article, elision will also occur with other words, such as que , je , le , ce , ne , and de.
The details on these words will be covered in later sections of the book. In English, the indefinite articles are a and an. Some is used as a plural article in English. Again, indefinite articles in French take different forms depending on gender and plurality. The articles un and une literally mean one in French. Note that des , like les , is used in French before plural nouns when no article is used in English.
For example, you are looking at photographs in an album. The English statement I am looking at photographs. If it is a set of specific pictures, the French statement should be Je regarde les photographies. I am looking at the photographs. On the other hand, if the person is just browsing the album, the French translation is Je regarde des photographies.
I am looking at some photographs. The plural of most nouns is formed by adding an -s. However, the -s ending is not pronounced. It is the article that tells the listener whether the noun is singular or plural. Most singular nouns do not end in -s. The -s is added for the plural form of the noun.
Fils is one exception. Whenever the singular form of a noun ends in -s , there is no change in the plural form. The final consonant is almost always not pronounced unless followed by an -e or another vowel. Remember that the last consonant of a word is typically not pronounced unless followed by a vowel. When a word ending in a consonant is followed by a word beginning with a vowel sound or silent h , the consonant often becomes pronounced.
This is a process called liaison. When a vowel goes directly after un , the normally unpronounced n sound becomes pronounced.